We arrived in Pisa and were met by our local specialist Antonella. She explained that Pisa acquired traditional fame as one of the four main historical Maritime Republics of Italy. This meant from the 10th to the 13th centuries, the maritime republics would build fleets of protective ships to allow extensive trading networks across the Mediterranean. Pisa became a busy center of woolen manufacturing late in the 13th century and remained the chief port of Tuscany; Pisa is now a quiet provincial university town that is renowned for its art and architectural treasures.
Pisa is distinguished mainly by a remarkable group of buildings in the Piazza del Duomo, the so-called Square of Miracles. This piazza contains the cathedral, or Duomo; the baptistery; the campanile, or Leaning Tower of Pisa; and the camposanto, or cemetery.
Another beautiful structure in the Piazza dei Miracoli is the Fallen Angel statue created by Polish artist Igor Mitoraj.